The park covers an area of 900 hectares between the districts of Montalto di Castro and Canino. An area of unspoiled nature in the heart of the Maremma Laziale. Canyons have been carved into the volcanic rocks by the Fiora river which following a small waterfall widens into the magical Pellicone pond. You can meet Maremma cows and wild horses through Mediterranean scrub and small valleys besides the remains of the ancient Etruscan-Roman city of Vulci dating back to the 4th century BC.
The park offers a network of marked trails to visitors, allowing you to visit the archaeological excavations as well as admire the natural beauty of the area. The remains of the town and the thermal plant testify the ancient city-state. You can enter the archaeological site through the remains of the Urban Gates of the imposing city walls. Near the West Gate you can admire the remains of a Roman aqueduct and also the forum with the Great Temple and the Honorary Arch, a commemorative work of Publius Sulpicius Mundus, a Roman senator who lived between the 1st century BC and the 1stcentury AD.
The Sacellum of Hercules, the baths and the Domus with its mosaic floors and underground areas are likewise noteworthy. Do not miss the guided tours to the numerous Etruscan necropolises, such as the Oriental Necropolis, with the Tomb of François, famous throughout the world for its paintings, the Tomba delle Iscrizioni (Tomb of the inscriptions) and the magnificent Tumulo della Cuccumella (Tomb of Cuccumella).
You will find refreshments in the Park: the Locanda del Parco, where you can taste typical dishes of the Maremma culinary tradition.
This garden boasts the richest and most complete collection of Chinese shrub and herbaceous peonies in the world. It is located in the district of Vitorchiano, along the Viterbo-Orte highway. It is a corner of China in the heart of the Lazio countryside: within its 15 hectares you can find more than 150,000 peonies plants of 600 different varieties belonging to almost every known botanical species and to most cultivated natural hybrids. During flowering, from early April to late May, the center offers a unique show of charm and beauty: thousands of blooms of diverse shapes reveal a chromatic range spanning from absolute white to deep purple-black, passing through the most delicate and unusual shades of pink. The welcoming cafe-restaurant offers a pleasant break during the journey through the heady colours of the peonies.
The town of Bolsena, which gives its name to the lake it overlooks, is located on the northern side of the lake which was formed over 300,000 years ago as a result of the calderic collapse of the Volsini mountain volcanoes. The historic center of Bolsena has four districts: Castello, Santa Cristina, Borgo San Rocco and San Giovanni.
Castlello is the medieval district of the city, it shows different typical architectural features of that period. This district takes its name from the castle of Bolsena, also known as “Rocca Monaldeschi della Cervara” which houses the territorial museum of Lake Bolsena.
Santa Cristina is the largest and most populated district of the town. It houses the Basilica with the same name.
Borgo is the central district of the Municipality and is the least extensive and populated. You can find Piazza Matteotti and Piazza San Rocco, with its historic fountain and it also houses the suggestive village of “Sottosante” which is the most ancient area of the town.
San Giovanni is the most modern and developed area of town.
The town overlooks the northern side of Lake Bolsena and due to the proximity of the lake, the climate is generally mild also in winter.
FOTO DA TROVARE
The two sacred temple areas date back to the Etruscan era but the city flourished during the Roman period, thanks to the efficient road system (an example of this is the Via Cassia, built between 170 and 150 BC). In the Middle Ages the centre, together with its small fortress, began to gain strategic importance. In 1058 Pope Stefano IX was in Montefiascone and in June 1074 Pope Gregory VII met his precious allies the Countess Matilde and her mother Beatrice. The fortress was besieged in 1093 by Enrico IV, but the Farnese, Ildibrandini and Bisenzio Counts defended it vigorously. Later, emperor Fredrick I, aware of the strategic importance of the fortress, reached Montefiascone (1185).In the following years Montefiascone became one of the most important centers of the church. Pope Martino IV often visited the Rocca, and embellished it so much that it became a palace. Montefiascone was defined by many as the ‘pearl of Upper Lazio’, and was a popular holiday destination during the first decades of the ‘900. Since 1958 the annual Wine Fair takes place in August, one of the main summer events in Montefiascone celebrating the historic vineyards and its renowned wine d.o.c. Est! Est!! Est!!!
FOTO DELLA ROCCA DA TROVARE